The Africa Kingdom Business Forum

Forex Terminologies

buying and selling

Translators need to have in-depth knowledge of the specific terminologies and use them neatly in both the source and target language. Several terms are popularly accepted in some countries but they can be presented in different words in other countries, although they have the same meaning. In certain cases, it’s even impossible to find out the equivalence for some source phrases in the target language. IG International Limited is part of the IG Group and its ultimate parent company is IG Group Holdings Plc. IG International Limited receives services from other members of the IG Group including IG Markets Limited. In trading, a rollover is the process of keeping a position open beyond its expiry.

foreign exchange market

Investment Glossary: Your A-Z Of Terms & Acronyms – Forbes

Investment Glossary: Your A-Z Of Terms & Acronyms.

Posted: Mon, 31 Oct 2022 07:00:00 GMT [source]

The chart displays the high-to-low range with a vertical line and opening and closing prices. The difference to the bar charts is in the ‘body’ which covers the opening and closing prices, while the candle ‘wicks’ show the high and low. Compared to crosses and majors, exotics are traditionally riskier to trade because they are more volatile and less liquid. This is because these countries’ economies can be more susceptible to intervention and sudden shifts in political and financial developments.

How to Start Forex Trading

IG International Limited is licensed to conduct investment business and digital asset business by the Bermuda Monetary Authority. VIX is short for the Chicago Board Options Exchange Volatility Index. It is a measure used to track volatility on the S&P 500 index, and is the most well-known volatility index on the markets. Variable cost is a business expense which is subject to change when sales volumes change.

foreign exchange trading

Hawks and doves are used by analysts and traders to categorise members of Central Bank committee ahead of their votes on monetary policy. Bond convexity is a measure of the relationship between a bond’s price and interest rates. It is used to assess the impact that a rise or fall in interest rates can have on a bond’s price – which highlights a bond holder’s exposure to risk.

If an investor has a set price in mind for a forex transaction, he or she can choose to implement a fill or kill order. What this means is that if the order isn’t fulfilled at the exact predetermined price, it is terminated. Closing a position means bringing a transaction to an end, incurring any related profits or losses as a result. Relates to when an investor borrows at a lower-than-average interest rate in order to buy assets that can potentially produce higher interest rates. There is no denying that forex trading carries a wealth of positives, but that doesn’t stop it from being confusing to those who are embracing the forex market for the first time.

Foreign Exchange Terms and Tools

Arbitrage in is the practice of simultaneously buying and selling an asset to take advantage of a difference in price. The asset will usually be sold in a different market, different form or with a different financial product, depending on how the discrepancy in the price occurs. Please ensure you understand how this product works and whether you can afford to take the high risk of losing money. A margin call is a notification you will receive when there are not enough funds in your trading account support open trades. Essentially, when your floating losses are greater than the minimum margin required. The MT4 Trade Terminal will show the spread quoted in pips between the two prices.

Sunday trading is a service that enables you to speculate on several markets over the weekend. Stockbroking is a service which gives retail and institutional investors the opportunity to trade shares. A share price – or a stock price – is the amount it would cost to buy one share in a company. The price of a share is not fixed, but fluctuates according to market conditions. It will likely increase if the company is perceived to be doing well, or fall if the company isn’t meeting expectations.

Your starting point as a beginner to forex trading

75% of retail client accounts lose money when trading CFDs, with this investment provider. CFDs are complex instruments and come with a high risk of losing money rapidly due to leverage. You should consider whether you understand how this product works, and whether you can afford to take the high risk of losing your money. A ratio spread is a strategy used in options trading, in which a trader will hold an unequal number of buy and sell options positions on a single underlying asset at once. Capital gains are the profits made from the buying and selling of assets. They are made when traders sell assets – like shares or commodities – for more than they originally paid for them.

Forex Trading Glossary –

Forex Trading Glossary

Posted: Sat, 10 Mar 2018 04:26:43 GMT [source]

Standing for “percentage in point”, it represents the smallest possible change that can occur within an exchange rate. More often than not, a currency is presented to four decimal points, with the smallest alteration in price occurring within the final decimal of the price listed. Currency futures are contracts that state the price that a currency can be sold or bought for at a predetermined future date. Future contracts are a widely-used hedging tool amongst traders. “Bid” (or “bid price”) is the term used to describe the price at which a trader is willing to sell a particular currency.

A closed position is a trade that is no longer active as closing a position involves nullifying the initial position. Closed position is commonly referred to as “position squaring” in Forex trading. Once you’re ready to move on to live trading, we’ve also got a great range of trading accounts and online trading platforms to suit you. A bar chart shows the opening and closing prices, as well as the high and low for that period. He top of the bar shows the highest price paid, and the bottom indicates the lowest traded price. A forex trader will tend to use one or a combination of these to determine their trading style which fits their personality.

It is the process of buying and selling of currencies near predetermined points to maximize profits. Brokers are indulged in this practice, and the only way to seize them is to network with fellow traders and discern patterns of such activity. Forex accounts are used to trade currencies in trading platforms. It includes micro, mini, and standard which allows investors to trade up to $1,000, $10,000, and $100,000 worth of currencies in one lot, respectively.

We introduce people to the world of trading currencies, both fiat and crypto, through our non-drowsy educational content and tools. We’re also a community of traders that support each other on our daily trading journey. CommoditiesCommodities are another tradeable asset, like stocks, bonds, or options. In physical form, they are goods, usually raw and unprocessed, that come from the earth, which are used to make things… Determine significant support and resistance levels with the help of pivot points.

Unborrowable stock

A commodity is a basic physical asset, often used as a raw material in the production of goods or services. Cash flow is the amount of money coming into and going out of a company’s accounts, as reported in earnings announcements. Bond trading is one way of making profit from fluctuations in the value of corporate or government bonds. Many view it as an essential part of a diversified trading portfolio, alongside stocks and cash. In trading and investing, the bid is the amount a party is willing to pay in order to buy a financial instrument.

Rollovers/Swaps– Forex trading can generate interest as well as gains from profitable trades. Each currency within a pair has its own interest rate, and if the interest rate goes up while in a position, a trader will earn interest or “rollover,” known as positive roll. Conversely, if an interest rate goes down while in a trade, the trader will have to pay rollover, known as negative roll. Currency Pairs – All tradable forex instruments come in “pairs”. Pairs represent the value of one currency being quoted against another.


Secondly, it can mean the portion of a company’s stocks held by a particular shareholder. Forex is how market participants convert one currency to another. It can variously be referred to as foreign exchange, FX, or currencies. A financial instrument is a monetary contract between two parties, which can be traded and settled. The contract represents an asset to one party and a financial liability to the other party . Fill is the term used to refer to the satisfying of an order to trade a financial asset.

Fixed spreads retain the same number of pips between the ask and bid price and are not affected by market fluctuations. On the other hand, variable spreads fluctuate (i.e., rise or fall) according to the market liquidity. It’s the second currency in a currency pair, also known as the bottom number or denominator. Therefore, when trading USD/CAD, the CAD is said to be the Quote. While support levels are based on former lows, resistance levels follow past highs when the price experienced difficulties breaking the high. Like every other profession with its terminologies, so in the Forex market.

  • Margin → the minimum deposit needed to maintain an open position (e.g. with an open position of $250,000 and leverage of 50, the required margin is $5000).
  • Similarly, when we sell the EUR/USD pair, we’re actually selling the euro and buying the US dollar.
  • It simply shows a line drawn from one closing price to the next.
  • There are thousands more, and some will be more relevant to you than others; this all depends on what currencies you want to deal with and what types of trade you are executing.
  • The Forex market is open around the time and offers traders the opportunity to earn profit not only on prices increment but also on prices reduction.

It is used as an indicator of the size and health of a country’s economy. A forward contract is a contract that has a defined date of expiry. The contract can vary between different instances, making it a non-standardised entity that can be customised according to the asset being traded, expiry date and amount being traded. In trading, execution is the completion of a buy or sell order from a trader. Crystallisation is the term used when a trader or business closes a position and then reopens an identical position immediately.